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Mario Andretti raced at the track and had some of his earliest success as a race car driver at the Speedway.
Part of New Netherland, the town was originally called "Uyle-Kill" (the Dutch spelling of "Owl-Kill"), a name given to the creek and valley, which ran through the area. Route 202, connected various farms with Montville's first gristmill, sawmill and tanneries.
General George Washington's troops often took this route and Washington stayed in the Towaco section of what is now Montville Township in June 1780.
The French troops under the leadership of General Rochambeau spent four days passing through Montville Township on their way to the War's final victory at Yorktown, Virginia, as part of a group of 5,000 soldiers, 2,000 horses, 500 oxen, possibly 900 cattle, artillery, boats and followers.
Montville is one of 12 municipalities statewide governed under a Special Charter, which granted by an act of the New Jersey Legislature in 1867 and retains many characteristics of the Township form of government.
The five-member Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.
The mid-19th century saw the development of two smaller village centers set apart from Montville: Pine Brook, a fertile agricultural area in the Township's southern end, and Towaco, situated on the Morris Canal.