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Petun and Huron refugees leave Ontario, and spend the winter of 1649-50 on Mackinac Island.c.
1650 - First French contact with the Shawnee in Tennessee, where they have drifted from Ohio. The Five Nations temporarily control all the lands on either side of Lake Erie and Lake Ontario.1673 - In May, Father Marquette and Louis Joliet set out from St.
July 10; the exploring party of Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, camps at the present site of Kansas City, Missouri.
The next day he investigates the "crusts of Red Earth" he saw along the banks of the Kansas River.
October 2; first French contact with Wyandots in the vicinity of the great town of Hochelaga, site of the present Montreal.
A few rejoin the main group of Delaware.1754 - Delaware in western Pennsylvania join the Shawnee in raiding the settlements, more out of hatred of the English than love of the French.
The successful revolt temporarily creates a power vacuum in western North America, which the French are quick to exploit.1682 - April 9; Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, having descended the full length of the Mississippi with an exploring party of 23 Frenchmen and 31 Indians, claims all of the lands drained by the river and its tribu-taries for France and names it Louisiana.
July 15; the Delaware sign a treaty with Penn's repre-sentative William Markham at the present site of Germantown, Pennsylvania; Voltaire claims this is the only treaty with the Indians that whites never broke.1701 - July 24; Fort Pontchartrain du Detroit is founded by the French.
August 15; a Spanish military expedition from Santa Fe and their Apache allies are defeated by the Pawnee and their French allies near the principal Pawnee village at the forks of the Platte in present Nebraska. 1730 - While retaining their settlements in the Detroit area, many Wyandots migrate southward and settle on the south shore of Lake Erie.
They gradually assume sovereignty over all the Ohio country between the Great Lakes and the Miami River.
Respected by surrounding Algonquian tribes, the Wyandots are now regarded by the Six Nations as their viceroys in Ohio.